What Is PVC Extrusion?

What Is PVC Extrusion?

If you are wondering what is pvc extrusion, there are a few different processes that can make it possible for you to manufacture the material you need. The most common types are 5.8m x 5.95m white sheets and PVC profiles. When you are planning to use these sheets for construction projects, you must make sure that you understand how these processes work before you begin. Read on to discover the benefits of each.


Co-extrusion is an advanced manufacturing technique that involves combining two different raw materials, usually plastics, through a single die. Various material properties can be combined, such as rigidity and flexibility. This process is ideal when a single material cannot meet the requirements of the design. In addition, co-extrusion is both environmentally friendly and cost-effective. To learn more about co-extrusion, read on!

The process of co-extrusion involves melting each material in a separate extruder. After melting, the output of one extruder is split into two or more layers. The materials are delivered to a manifold, or directly to the die, and combined in a way that retains individual resin layers. Co-extrusion is a viable option for producing blown films and cast film, as these materials can be processed in the same way as single-layer materials.

Coaxial twin screw extruders

The emergence of Coaxial twin screw extruders for PVC extrusion is significant for the development of advanced plastic processing technology. They feature high specific energy inputs and high mixing efficiency. Furthermore, they can process various solids and highly viscous materials. These advantages make them appealing for various industrial processes, including compounding, blending and extrusion of plastics. However, to optimize their screw set up, dynamic models are needed.

The twin screw extruders are highly versatile, with high heat exchange rates. They are particularly useful for the processing of sticky materials. Furthermore, they are cost-effective, energy-efficient and customizable, and are suitable for a wide range of applications. As a result, they are a good investment for a variety of industries. Some models have multiple screw configurations, whereas others have single or parallel screw configurations.


If you want to create a variety of materials, compounding your PVC will help you do just that. Compounds are used for many applications from toys to garden hose pipe to luggage, handbags, and even the soles of shoes. To learn more about the process, read on! And don’t forget to check out our articles about this process, too! This is an overview of the various components of a compounding machine.

A compounding line is a machine that can run any material you want. They are commonly used in resin makers’ finishing lines and have segmented barrels and screws that alternate conveying and mixing, venting, and adding filler. Because they run fast and have little intermeshing, these machines generate a large amount of heat and require intense cooling. A comparison of the most common compounds and extruders isn’t possible in this article.

Optimal temperature

When it comes to pvc extrusion, the optimum temperature is not determined by the actual extrusion speed. Instead, it’s governed by several parameters. The temperature of the barrel, the die, and the head are set to midpoints in the temperature range. Some users may find it necessary to adjust these zones, depending on the type of material flowing through the extruder. The rear barrel temperature is critical, as it controls the amount of compound that sticks to the barrel wall. A too high temperature in this zone can cause overheating and a poor output.

The screw design plays a crucial role in extrusion, and many rigid PVC profile and pipe manufacturers underestimate the role of optimized screw design in the final product. This is a problem, given that the materials used in the manufacturing process vary widely, including additives, fillers, and raw materials. It’s not possible to simply switch out screws based on the product. In addition, many extruders don’t have the best formulations, limiting their ability to produce high-quality PVC products.

Cooling systems

With the advancements in cooling technology for plastic pipes, it is easy to see how the plastic pipe industry is advancing and how it can benefit your company. Conair’s Bob Bessemer, a sales manager, explains how to make the most of modern technology and how you can maximize your cooling efficiency. Extrusion operations have come a long way from the static baths of water. The rise of water supply and disposal costs nearly put an end to this method, so intelligent cooling technology was born.

For example, an internal pipe cooling system will suck ambient air through the center of the pipe, against the direction of the extrusion. This system based on the vortex tube principle is effective in cooling the entire pipe, but the internal surface of the pipe must be properly cooled to avoid shrink holes. Internal pipe cooling concepts also take into account the temperature dependency of the viscosity, which is the reason many manufacturers use internal cooling systems.

How to Smooth 3D Print Lines?

How to Smooth 3D Print Lines

How to smooth 3d print lines is a question you may be asking yourself. After all, you want your 3D model to look great, and you don’t want any rough edges to ruin your model. In this article, we will take a look at some of the methods for smoothing out your 3D model. These methods include Sanding, Heat gun, and Paint. Read on to learn more. This article is a great place to start!

Resin coats

Resin coats are a great way to smooth 3D print lines and layers. They fill in layers and add a glossy finish. These finishes can be sanded or painted. Using an epoxy resin, such as XTC-3D, is important when using 3D printers. Make sure to wear protective eyewear and work in a well-ventilated area. If you do not have access to a 3D printer, you can purchase a two-part epoxy resin from hardware and craft stores.

Epoxy resin is a versatile coating material for 3D prints. It is safe, efficient, and can last for years without harming the model. It works on most 3D objects and is compatible with both SLS and SLA prints. Epoxy resin can be applied to rigid media such as EPS, EPDM, urethane foam, cardboard, wood, and plaster. It will smooth out any lines and grooves in your prints and will help your print stand out from the crowd.


After you have finished printing your 3D model, you’ll need to start sanding the lines. If your piece is very detailed, you can use a coarser grit to smooth out the lines. To prevent over-sanding and damage to the print, work in slow circular motions. You should also make sure to use a respirator. You may end up with some dust, but this is normal.

After sanding your 3D print, you might find gaps in it. These are typically caused by the dissolving of soluble supports or by toolpath constraints. If they’re small, you can fill them with epoxy. This will probably not need additional processing. However, if they’re large, you may want to use an autobody filler. This will require additional sanding after the filler has fully cured, but it’s a good filler and can be painted once it’s dry.

Heat gun

There are many ways to smooth 3D print lines, but the heat gun is one of the most effective. First, remove any supports or bridges from your print. You may already know how to do this, but if not, you can follow these instructions. The heat gun will melt PLA at 140 degrees Fahrenheit, so be sure to keep your hands cool. Once you’ve cooled down the piece, smooth out any remaining lines.

To use the heat gun to smooth 3d print lines, you’ll need to carefully move the heat gun along the print. This will remove any ridges. It is best to use a low-setting heat gun, but it may be too hot and destroy your 3D print. Make sure to pre-sand the PLA print before using the heat gun. This will expose more of the plastic, making the final effect more impressive. Using a heat gun to smooth 3D print lines will take some practice, but it’s worth it!


Using a liquid metal polish to smooth 3D print lines is a great way to enhance the quality of your 3D prints. Simply apply the polish to the print surface with a soft cloth and rub in a circular motion, against the grain. This will smooth out the lines, filling in the microstriations. You can then use a clean, unused cloth to buff the surface. You can find liquid metal polish at Amazon.

Before you apply the paint, you must first apply a primer coat to your 3D print. Different brands of primers will recommend different methods, including spraying the underside of the print. Always apply a primer coat to the 3D printed part before you start painting it. This step will ensure that the paint adheres to the print. If you plan to paint your 3D print afterward, you should follow the manufacturer’s recommendations.


Using a primer to cover your 3D print is an excellent way to ensure the paint sticks properly to your model. Unlike paint, a primer can also make your 3D print look better. 3D printing is notorious for having layer lines. However, you can fix this problem by sanding off the print, applying an epoxy resin coating, or melting the surface with a chemical solvent. If you choose to use a primer, make sure to choose a quality spray-on filler.

A good primer should be applied in short, even strokes about six to eight inches away from the part. You want to make sure that the primer doesn’t pool or create a ‘bumps and bumps’ effect on your 3D print. Using a tack cloth can help remove any primer dust. It is also helpful to use a rag to wipe off any excess primer on the print.

What 3D Printing Material is Very Flexible?

What 3D Printing Material is Very Flexible?

When it comes to choosing a filament, the flexibility of the 3D printing material will vary depending on its chemical composition and the type of Thermoplastics Elastomers. Some filaments are very flexible like car tires, while others have a degree of elasticity similar to soft rubber bands. The degree of flexibility is measured by the Shore Hardness Ratings of the filament, with a lower number indicating more flexibility. One of the most popular 3D printing filaments is TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane).


TPU is a very flexible material. Its high shore hardness provides extra tensile and shear strength, but can also decrease the material’s flexibility. To increase flexibility in your TPU prints, increase the amount of infill and outer walls. This will help reduce the amount of material that stretches when yanked in and out of the hotend. As with other 3D printing materials, there are a few things you should do to get the best results.

TPU is a very flexible 3d print material. This material is more durable than ABS or nylon. ABS or nylon hinges will show stress marks and cracks after being stretched. There are many types of flexible 3d printing filament. Sainsmart TPU is a popular option. TPU has many benefits. It’s also compatible with many 3D printers.


TPE is a flexible plastic that is commonly used in 3D printers. It has a shore hardness of 85 and tensile strength of 30 MPa. However, it isn’t recommended for objects that require extreme flexing or bendability. For that reason, it should be printed slowly and carefully, at a speed of about 20mm per second. Here are a few tips for printing with TPE.

TPE filament should be stored in a dry place. If stored in an unprotected environment, it may warp and bend the printed object. If it becomes wet during printing, it should be stored in an airtight container. Another disadvantage of TPE is that it is easily soaked in water, resulting in a brittle print. TPC is also used in various industrial applications. Some companies use this material in making self-expanding polymer stents.


The biggest disadvantage of PETG filament is that it doesn’t like to be squished during the printing process. To overcome this problem, the first layer should be printed with a large gap between the nozzle and the bed. The filament can also be prone to skimping, which can lead to stringing effects and buildup around the nozzle. It’s also recommended to increase the first layer’s print speed and reduce the temperature.

One of the major advantages of PETG over ABS is its durability. Unlike ABS, PETG is less expensive and easier to work with. This property makes it a great choice for making a number of different items, including functional prototypes and end-use parts. Although this material is not as flexible as ABS, its high mechanical strength makes it an excellent choice for a variety of applications. In particular, PETG is suited for printing objects that need to be impact-resistant and durable.


There are two main types of PLA filament: standard and soft. Standard PLA is rigid and does not bend well. Soft PLA has a rubber-like texture and a Shore hardness of 92A. It is flexible and resilient, and can be used in many domestic and industrial applications. It is also less expensive than TPU, which can be more difficult to print. PLA is not recommended for use in medical applications because of the risk of infection, while ABS is ideal for medical applications.

While traditional PLA is rigid and easy to print, Paramount 3D makes PLA that is less rigid but has more give. This material is great for making flexible gaskets, but not for shelf brackets. And it would be a terrible sole for a shoe. However, it is still recommended for making parts of your body that require flexibility. Generally, you can find filaments at Amazon. Keep in mind that prices do fluctuate on Amazon.


The first truly flexible material on the market is NinjaFlex, an extrudable thermoplastic elastomer filament that is compatible with RepRap, MakerBot, and Airwolf 3D printers.

Ninjaflex 3D printing material is extremely flexible and durable. It has the same printability as PLA and ABS, but is much more pliable. It’s especially good for creating flexible, durable projects, including props for cosplay. Ninjaflex is also ideal for making seals, plugs, and leveling feet. It’s one of the few filaments that has the properties to resist buckling, making it an ideal choice for high-quality models.

What is Vase Mode in 3D Printing?

What is Vase Mode in 3D Printing?

Are you wondering what is vase mode and how it works with 3D printing? Then read this article. It will explain the differences between the Spiralise Outer Contour and vase modes on both the PrusaSlicer and Cura. You can then decide which type of print you’d like to create. And once you’ve made your decision, start the printing process. To print a vase, you need to have at least a few basic knowledge about 3D printing.

Cura’s vase mode

The vase mode on Cura is a 3d printing feature that allows you to turn solid objects into vases. Vases do not need support structures or roofs. All you need is a single perimeter around the object, and a bottom layer. In order to print a vase with a single border, you must use a large nozzle. Printing too quickly with a single nozzle can lead to printer overheating.

Cura’s Spiralise Outer Contour

Spiralise Outer Contour in Cura is a powerful special mode that allows 3D printing of large objects and invalid models. In the Spiralize mode, solid 3D models are converted into spiraling toolpaths, which print walls one line wide around the model. This makes 3D printing with Spiralise very efficient. There are a few things you need to know before you start printing.

PrusaSlicer’s vase mode

The PrusaSlicer’s vase modes can be accessed in the slicer’s settings panel. The spiral vase option is available in Print Settings > Layers and Perimeters. Selecting this option automatically alters your settings to print in vase mode. In addition, you can adjust the settings manually. This article will discuss the different types of objects that you can 3D print in vase mode.

Prusa’s Spiralise Outer Contour

The Cura software has many useful features and includes the “Vase Mode”, which enables you to print aesthetic objects without using real layers. The Cura software prints objects in a spiral pattern, and thus requires less material than other 3D printing processes. You can also use this mode to print almost any model. Listed below are some benefits of using this mode.

Spiral vase mode

Spiral vase mode 3d printing is not suited for large objects or solid parts. Instead, it creates a smooth, spiral surface in which the printhead rises at a constant rate. Spiral vase mode does not have infill and does not create solid areas at the top of the object. You should choose this mode carefully for the best results. But it is important to note that if you need to print a large object in this mode, you should print it in a slower speed.

Cura’s Spiral vase mode

The Spiral vase mode in Cura is an excellent 3d printing method, allowing users to create beautiful, seamless objects. The method relies on a single outer contour for the object to be printed, so many ‘normal’ vase models will still print. However, you should be aware that this mode is not compatible with all 3D models – in particular, those that have multiple parts and/or multiple bed anchor points. This will lead to unpleasant prints and prolonged print time.

Prusa’s Spiral vase mode

Spiral vase mode 3d printing is a popular print mode for Prusa. You can find this option on the simple print settings menu in PrusaSlicer. This mode automatically adjusts settings and works best with solid objects. This mode is not recommended for models with multiple parts or bed anchor points. It may result in a Z-seam when printing. Read on to learn more.

What Material Is Used For 3D Printing?

What Material Is Used For 3D Printing?

The first question that you may have is what material is used in 3D printing. Many materials are used for 3D printing, but which ones are the best? Nylon is one of the most common filaments. Another popular choice is PETG, a thermoplastic, which is also called amorphous polymer. The lightest and strongest material is Titanium. If you are looking for a lightweight material, you may want to use ABS.

Nylon is the most popular filament

There are many benefits to using nylon as a 3D printing material. It is a strong, versatile, and durable material. Its high inter-layer adhesion makes it the ideal material for making highly functional parts such as snap fits, living hinges, straps, and much more. Additionally, Nylon is very flexible, making it a great choice for printing parts that require bending and locking.

Nylon is a durable synthetic polymer. It is highly absorbent and able to hold up to industrial chemicals. It is also a low-warp 3D printing material, making it an excellent choice for parts that need flexibility and strength. Nylon is a popular material for rapid prototyping and DIY maker projects, and it is the most commonly used filament today. This article will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of nylon filament.

PETG is a thermoplastic

When using this material for 3d printing, you’ll find that it has excellent flexibility and mechanical strength, making it a great choice for creating functional prototypes. This material also has an excellent coefficient of adhesion between layers, meaning it can be used for making signs, graphics, and even enclosures for electrical equipment. Its most obvious applications are in consumer product packaging design, but its chemical and moisture resistance also make it an ideal choice for demanding environments. Its translucent nature makes it a good choice for printing, and it’s also translucent, providing a glossy finish to your printed parts.

PETG is a common thermoplastic that is commonly used in food and beverage bottles. Its melting point is relatively high and it retains its strength even after it has been melted. The material is also relatively cheap to produce, making it an attractive option for manufacturers and home crafters alike. In addition, PETG is water resistant, which makes it a great choice for 3D printers. If you’re thinking about purchasing PETG for your 3D printing project, make sure to browse 3DF Filaments.

ABS is an amorphous polymer

ABS is a thermoplastic material that provides a combination of toughness and ductility at low temperatures. Its unique seven-texture matching technology makes it an excellent choice for 3d printing, especially for automotive applications. It is also resistant to UV rays, making it an excellent choice for the construction of durable outdoor items. And because it is relatively inexpensive to produce, ABS is a popular choice for prototypes and plastic preview models.

The mechanical properties of ABS parts vary depending on the parameters of the 3D printing process. The incorporation of graphene increases the Vickers hardness of 3D printed ABS specimens by 75.3%, which makes them a good choice for 3D printing. Because ABS has an infinite number of possible combinations, researchers can experiment with different compositions of monomers to see what types of parts can be produced.

Titanium is the lightest and strongest material

One of the most common metals for construction on Earth is steel. However, titanium is significantly lighter and therefore more affordable for spacecraft. Its light weight makes it easier to send into space, which reduces launch costs and improves construction efficiency. Although titanium is not yet widely available for 3D printing, the benefits are numerous and promise to make it a valuable asset for the aerospace industry. However, the technology is currently far too complex for widespread use.

Despite its weight, titanium is extremely strong and is the lightest metal available for 3d printing. The material has a remarkable strength to weight ratio, and commercial quality titanium is about 40% lighter than steel. Its high melting point and low thermal conductivity make it an excellent choice for high-temperature applications, and its great corrosion resistance is an additional benefit. However, its high cost can also hinder its widespread use in 3D printing.

PLA is an eco-friendly option

If you’re interested in using PLA for your 3d printing projects, you have many options. PLA, also called bioplastic, is made from dextrose, which is derived from sugarcane. This material is also very biodegradable, decomposing into non-toxic compounds within a few months. The advantages of PLA over ABS and other plastics are plentiful. Listed below are some of the advantages of PLA.

Biodegradable: Plastic that is biodegradable can be recycled into new filament. However, this process is not 100% environmentally friendly. When used for 3D printing, PLA must be disposed of properly. If it’s not properly disposed of, it can cause harm to the environment. It’s best to dispose of PLA properly or compost it. This is the easiest way to ensure its biodegradability.

Resins are used for smooth-surfaced 3D printing

If you want to make a 3D object with a smooth surface, you’ll need to use a resin. Resins can be a great option for smooth-surfaced 3D printing, and they also have a variety of post-processing and finishing options. Here are some of the most common types of resin:

If you want a smooth-surfaced 3D object, you should consider using a resin product designed specifically for the task. These resins will help you achieve a smooth surface after one coating. Depending on the material, you can also use a plastic spatula. In either case, the resin should have fully cured before you can apply another layer. After the first coating is applied, the grooves will disappear, and the resin will adhere better to the surface.

What Tools Do I Need For 3D Printing?

What Tools Do I Need For 3D Printing?

If you are new to 3D printing, you may be wondering, what tools do I need? In this article, we’ll cover everything from screwdrivers to Oil-based paint pens and digital calipers. But before we get started, let’s take a look at some essential tools. Read on to discover how to use these tools for your 3D printing needs. Here are some of the most common ones.


If you’re considering using 3D printing to create a DIY tool, you may want to consider purchasing a set of screwdrivers. Unlike the standard screwdrivers that come with your 3D printer, 3D printed screwdrivers are generally much smaller and lighter than metal models. As a result, they are ideal for jobs that don’t require excessive tension or weight. The pieces are also designed to fit into a standard 1/4″ handle.

Using standard screwdrivers can be very uncomfortable. The average wrench can twist its wrist 17,000 times. Even the fastest wrench can take five hours to turn the same set of screws, but a cordless screwdriver can cut that time in half. This means a 3D printed screwdriver is far more efficient. Moreover, it doesn’t require any post-printing assembly. These tools can also be customized to fit your specific needs.

Oil-based paint pens

When it comes to painting on plastics, oil-based paint pens have the best results. They give an opaque, long-lasting mark that won’t wear away like ordinary ink markers. They also come in different colors and tip sizes, so you can pick one that matches the part or material you are working with. Oil-based paint pens also have no need for primer, which is a great feature if your project is going to last a long time.

If you’re just starting out, acrylic paints can be challenging to apply evenly. However, they are a great choice for beginners. You can purchase quality acrylic paints at your local craft store or online. The Apple Barrel PROMOABI Acrylic Craft Paint Set is one of the top-rated options available. It includes 18 bottles containing two ounces of paint. The paints can be applied using a brush or a spray.


The design process of forceps for 3d printing requires a different mindset than traditional machining. It requires the engineer to incorporate features that are not possible when machining. In this case, a medical device such as forceps was redesigned using metal 3D-printed cavities. Foster Corp. supplied the glass-filled bio-based polymer. The three-dimensionally printed instrument was then used for an operation.

For a custom tip, knowledge of OpenSCAD is a plus. For a locking forceps, a knowledge of 3D modeling programs is beneficial. For a generic tip, remove the support if you are not printing it with a locking mechanism. Otherwise, print with the tip pointing toward the bed. Once printed, the forceps should be ready for use in the operating room. For more intricate designs, learn how to make custom tips with the help of a 3D printing software.

For a surgical instrument, 3D-printed forceps can be customized to fit the hands of the surgeon and the anatomy of the patient. These devices can be molded to fit the hand of a surgeon to enhance treatment outcomes. They also decrease the duration of the operation. They are useful in small-scale operations. This helps improve patient safety. They can be custom-designed to reduce operating time and improve the surgeon’s productivity.

Digital caliper

A digital caliper for 3d printing can be very useful in a number of ways. One of the most important uses of a caliper is in checking the diameter of objects, such as screws, nuts, and holes. This tool is also useful in checking the diameter of filaments, as low-quality filaments can clog your printer’s extruder. To ensure a proper print, you should make eight measurements with one-meter separation between each one. The outer measurement clamps should hold the filament without crushing it.

The most popular types of digital calipers are the precision calipers, which measure the depth and width of objects. You can also get one with half-precision, which measures the length of a thin piece of wood. The accuracy of digital calipers is up to 0.001 inch. The step hand is particularly useful when you need to connect two factors, such as a length or width. Some calipers have built-in measurement tables, which make it easy to measure various aspects of your 3d printed model.

When Did 3D Printing Start?

When Did 3D Printing Start?

When did 3D printing start? Historically, there were many factors that influenced its beginnings. These factors include the interest of Dr Hideo Kodama and Chuck Hull, the French engineers who came up with stereolithography, and the GE Additive company. But, the main reasons behind 3D printing’s development and the people behind it are largely unknown. There is, however, a growing body of knowledge surrounding the technology.

Chuck Hull

The technology behind 3D printing began with a single engineer, Charles “Chuck” Hull. His invention, stereolithography, used UV light to build layers of solid objects. Hull came up with the idea for 3D printers while working for a company that used UV lamps to adhere thin layers of plastic veneer to furniture. This process gave Hull months to experiment with his new machine in his lab.

In 1984, Hull filed a patent for stereolithography. Another patent for a similar process was filed by French scientists. However, these inventors later abandoned their efforts to develop the technology. Hull retained the copyright of the term “Stereolithography” and founded 3D Systems in 1986. The technology has revolutionized the manufacturing industry in America. Moreover, it is considered to be the next evolution of manufacturing.

Dr Hideo Kodama

During the 1980s, a Japanese scientist named Dr Hideo Kodama developed a rapid prototyping method that utilizes layers of photo-sensitive resin to build objects layer by layer. Although Kodama applied for a patent on the technology in 1981, he was unsuccessful due to a lack of funding. As a result, his project sat idly by until today.

It was in Japan that 3D printing first emerged. In 1981, a public research institute named the Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute developed a rapid prototyping system using a light-activated resin known as photopolymer. The first solid 3D printed object was created using this method, and each successive print cycle added a layer to the previous one. This process corresponded to a cross-section slice of the 3D model.

Objet Geometries

In 2000, Stratasys and Objet Geometries released their first inkjet and multi-color 3D printers, respectively. By the early 2000s, the biggest players in 3D printing, Stratasys and 3D Systems, had consolidated their positions as the market leaders in two of the three technologies. Today, Stratasys and Objet Geometries are part of the Stratasys Group, which is the largest manufacturer of 3D printers and other 3D printing materials.

The company has a long history in the industry, developing inkjet technology that helps create smooth, durable parts. PolyJet was created in 1998 by Objet Geometries, and was eventually acquired by Stratasys in 2011. The printer is best for printing parts that need to be smooth and durable, with small layer sizes. PolyJet also offers the largest variety of materials, with some specializing in making rapid molds of objects with less than 100 parts.

GE Additive

For those of you who are new to 3d printing, GE Additive has launched a cloud-based process management software called Amp. The first two modules will be available to users of the Concept Laser M2 machine in mid-November 2021. The company expects to make Amp available to a wider audience in the second quarter of 2022. The company has a six-month free trial available for this software, so you can test drive it before you purchase it.

The company is pursuing a future in metal additive manufacturing. It is already in the aerospace and power industries and is promoting the technology to an increasingly wide audience. While some headlines about 3d printed implants are experimental, the technology has become widely accepted in the medical community. GE Additive has created nearly 100,000 hip replacements in the past decade. With the help of the software, GE Additive is aiming for widespread adoption.


ExOne has been in the industry for nearly two decades. Its roots date back to 1995, when the company formed its ProMetal division and developed metal 3D printers. In 2007, it obtained an exclusive license to commercialize inkjet 3D printing processes developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. These processes are capable of printing metal, ceramic, sand, and a variety of other materials. ExOne has been in the business ever since, and today it offers several different types of printers and materials.

After spending over 35 years as CEO of Extrude Hone, Rhoades sold the company to a global industrial materials and tooling company. Rhoades transferred the assets of his 3D printing business to The Ex One Company, LLC. The Ex One Company is named after his father’s original company, which was founded on his father’s patent. ExOne was a pioneer in the field of binder jetting 3D printing, a process that allows users to create metal parts with complex geometries.

What Is High Pressure Die Casting?

What Is High Pressure Die Casting?

If you’re considering investing in a new machine to produce your own parts, you may be wondering what is high pressure die casting. In this article, we’ll discuss what this process can do for you and how it can improve your bottom line. High pressure die casting produces smooth surfaces that can accept a variety of finishes. The quality of the die finish determines the type of finish you’ll be able to apply, ranging from paints to coatings. Although it’s a highly efficient process, it is also costly, and there are a variety of disadvantages to consider, including high investment costs and low start-up costs.


High pressure die casting is the most common method for manufacturing large quantities of aluminum or zinc parts. Although this method is fast, it has some drawbacks. For one, it is very expensive, so it is best reserved for very large production runs. Secondly, this method is more complex, and therefore should only be used in very high volumes. However, there are some benefits to it. Below, we’ll examine some of those.


Among the many advantages of high pressure die casting, one of the most important is the ability to produce large volumes of identical parts at a low cost. This method is especially useful for large-scale production runs, as it reduces labour costs and improves product quality. CMP offers comprehensive solutions in aluminum and zinc pressure die casting. These two base alloys are the easiest to die cast, and they also offer outstanding impact strength and ductility.


Precision die casting is an effective method for manufacturing complex parts. It uses a process known as high pressure die casting. It produces parts with high accuracy and reliability, and can be used in virtually any engineering machine. A high-pressure die is an important part of the production process, as it helps to prevent cracking and splintering during the manufacturing process. High-pressure die casting is one of several processes for precision engineering parts.

Inhomogeneous microstructures

Inhomogeneous microstructures are the result of the onset of deformation during high pressure die casting. In this study, we investigated the influence of HB hardness values on the microstructure of die casting by comparing three working cycles. The results showed that there was no difference in the hardness of the parts exhibited by the two casting cycles. In addition, we explored the correlation between the location of the cavities and their size.

Dies that can compensate for turbulent filling

In direct SC, melt quantity is the main driving force. The lack of turbulent filling can be compensated for by reducing the thickness of plate walls. High-pressure die casting processes also require precision control systems that help achieve the desired dimensional accuracy. For example, Lynch proposed using a compensating hydraulic piston, which controls the exact volume of metal in the die. Other solutions include overflows. For complex geometries, the direct SC process can be used to compensate for turbulent filling.

Types of machines

High pressure die casting machines can be divided into three basic types. These machines are used for the production of high-precision parts, such as fasteners and attachment devices. The different types of die casting machines include hot-chamber machines and cold-chamber machines. The former is known as a gooseneck machine because the pressure chamber is directly connected to the mold cavity, which feeds molten metal into the casting die continuously. These machines are generally faster than cold-chamber ones.

Alloys used

High pressure die casting is the process of pouring metal into a mould at extremely high pressure. This technique provides thinner parts than other casting processes, and is particularly good for applications requiring corrosion resistance. High-pressure die casting typically consists of an alloy consisting of 90 percent tin, six percent antimony, and four percent copper. Copper is included to make the alloy more durable. Tin alloy die castings generally weigh less than ten pounds and seldom exceed one-third of an inch thick. These parts are valued for their high resistance to alkalis, acids, and water.

What Is Low Pressure Die Casting?

What Is Low Pressure Die Casting?

This article will provide you with an overview of the process of filling cavities with liquid metal under low pressure. We will also discuss the benefits and limitations of the process and its cost. Interested in learning more? Continue reading! Listed below are some of the key elements of this process. The most important factor to consider is the level of pressure used to fill the cavity. High pressure die casting requires high temperatures and high speeds. Low pressure die casting is best suited for parts that require small tolerances.

Process of filling cavities with liquid metal under low pressure

The Process of filling cavities with liquid metal under relatively low pressure has several advantages. The thixotropic slurry property of the metal helps it enter small parts, reducing the possibility of air entrapment. It is also capable of increasing the conductivity and mechanical properties of the alloy by reducing air pockets during the filling process. Finally, the process improves weldability and heat treatability.

The material used to fill cavities can be metal, composite resin, or biocompatible glass. First, the old fillings and decayed tissue will be removed. After that, the treatment area is thoroughly cleaned. A special etching liquid is used to ensure a strong bond between the new material and the old. Once the new filling material has hardened, Dr. Asadi will apply it artfully to produce a cosmetically pleasing result.


The advantages of low pressure die casting include its relatively rapid cooling time and its ability to cast smaller, more complex shapes. The die is typically made of nodular iron, but sand molds are also available. The metal fills the die from the bottom to the top, forming a “molten pool” that is trimmed by a catch. The upward movement of the metal is against gravity, and the pressure inside the crucible is kept until the casting solidifies.

Another advantage of low pressure die casting is that it does not require massive closing forces. The process is also easier to automate and is cheaper than high pressure die casting. A key factor to consider when choosing a low-pressure die casting process is the amount of space needed. Two machines can be placed in a vertical configuration, saving space and money. In addition, low-pressure die casting allows for parts up to 110 kg to be cast.


Compared to high-pressure die casting, low-pressure die casting is less complex and expensive. It also lends itself well to automation. However, it suffers from a slow casting cycle. Low-pressure die casting is an excellent choice for low-volume production runs. But, what are the limitations of low-pressure die casting? Here we discuss these and other concerns. You may find the information helpful if you decide to make the switch.

Low-pressure die casting is not suitable for high-volume production. While the parts produced by this method are highly durable and resist heat, they are expensive. Additionally, their production cycles are much shorter than those of plastic injection molded parts. However, it is also more expensive on a unit volume basis and has limited application options. In addition, the process does not produce high-precision castings and can result in high-cost parts.


Low-pressure die casting has been around for decades. This process is renowned for its material properties. However, it is still limited to the luxury market due to its high unit cost and low quantity. The high-pressure method is still popular in the mass production sector, but it costs at least four times as much as a low-pressure system. However, low-pressure die casting has some advantages over high-pressure casting. Here are some of the benefits of low-pressure die casting.

The dies are fabricated from nodular iron, but sand molds can also be used. The metal fills the die from bottom to top, forming a pooling-type fill. The upper portion of the “molten pool” is then cut off using a catch. This upward movement of the molten metal is against gravity and the pressure inside the crucible is maintained until the casting solidifies.

How Long Does a 3D Print Take?

How Long Does a 3D Print Take?

How long does a 3D print take? It can be hard to estimate, but there are several factors that can influence the time it takes to complete a print. Here are three factors to consider: Layer height, Complexity of geometry, and Build volume. Read on to learn more about how these factors affect 3D print time. In most cases, the more layers there are, the longer the print will take.

Factors that affect the completion time of a 3D print

Several factors determine the length of a 3D print. The material used, the size of the model, and post-processing time all play a role. Larger 3D models take longer to produce than small ones, and the amount of post-processing time will depend on the complexity of the object. Because of these factors, it is difficult to predict the duration of a 3D print without knowing the actual design of the object.

A 3D print’s completion time is also affected by the number of layers and the overall height of the model. Higher models require more passes of the print head, which increase the overall duration of the print. This is because more layers need to be carved and finished. As a result, a higher-resolution object requires more passes to create the required number of layers. The smaller the model, the faster the printer will complete it.

Layer height

When you’re printing 3D models, you’ll want to understand how layer height affects the time it takes to complete. The smaller the layer height, the more support material your print will need, and the longer it takes to finish. For large prints, you’ll want to use a large machine, with a large number of layers. This allows for more precise control and can accommodate intricate designs.

As with any printer setting, layer height has an impact on the amount of time it takes to complete the print. If the layers are too thin, it can take twice as long to complete the print. On the other hand, if the layers are thick enough, the print will take less time, even though it will have more layers. Higher layer heights will have better mechanical performance, but you can’t expect them to be as detailed.

Complexity of geometry

When it comes to cost, the complexity of geometry in a 3D print is one of the determining factors. The more complex the part, the more time it will take to print. This is because the print head has to create boundaries for complicated layers, which takes time. Another factor is the type of 3D printing technology used, as some types of 3D printing technologies are able to deposit more complex geometries than others.

Build volume

The first thing to determine is volume, as larger models need more time to build. If you are 3D printing a small part, it may take only five minutes, while a 100-cubic-inch model may take two hundred hours. Likewise, the size of the model’s footprint, or the area on the printing bed, will also increase the build time. Larger footprints also require more movement from the print head, so they will take more time.

The height of the model is another important factor in determining how long a 3D print will take to build volume. Higher-height parts will require more layers and more passes, which will increase the total printing time. Similarly, a part with many small features will require more time to print because each layer has to be mapped by a print head. The amount of time it takes to build each layer will depend on the specific type of 3D printer used.